India, one of the most densely populated countries of the world has about 29 states with varied languages, cultures, cuisines, lifestyles, etc. It is the most diverse nation of the world in terms of religions, food and ethnicity. People with different cultures like the Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists etc. live peacefully and collectively celebrate the variations of the Indian festivals together.
Talking about cultures, Buddhism is one of the major religions with a unique combination of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practises. The Buddhists follow the teachings of Lord Buddha or Gautama Buddha. Buddhism originated in India around 4th and 6th centuries. The Buddhists or the monks mostly followed the teachings of Buddha which encompasses the Four Noble Truths and the Eight Fold paths. Other practises included practising meditation, cultivating the feelings of love and forgiveness. The religious philosophy of Budddhism is contained in the first sermon of Buddha at Sarnath, in Varanasi.
The Buddhists mostly worshipped the preachings of salvation and renunciation of desires. The right belief, thought, speech, action, means of livelihood and meditation leads to the ultimate goal of life i.e. Nirvana, the eternal peace. The Buddhists are divided into two sects, the Hinayana(followed Buddha strictly) and the Mahayana (believed Buddha to be God).
Buddhism always preached that sacrifices and good actions lead you to a better living. Though, now the followers have reduced to a greater extent but the moral values of Buddha definitely gives us some major teaching goals to be followed in our lifes.