Impressionism in art
By: Vaishnavi Chaudhary
Impressionism is a movement that pervaded every field of creative study, from art to literature and focussed the attention on subjectivity. Impressionism, as the name suggests is about representation of an object as it would be seen by the perceiver, in a very broad sense of the term. As an art movement, it emerged out of 19th century French circles of art and artists and was vividly aimed at challenging the well established conventions of that time, of historicity in English paintings. As impressionism would have it, paintings telling of this movement were subject to the perceptions of the artists witnessing the object or phenomenon and not the object as much. What stood these art pieces in uniqueness from the kind of art produced before them, were the use of bold and bright colors, of unspecific shapes without much of the detailing and mostly inspired by scenery outside the closed spaces. As a mother movement, it catered to various small movements within it, like Fauvism, Pointillism and Art Nouveau with champions like Eodard Manet, Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley among many other well known names. In India too, Impressionism claimed its own and affected artists galore, like Bikash Bhattacharya and Prakash Maity. However, if any artists truly stood close to this tradition, in Bengal it was Gopal Ghosh. Impressionism as a movement mirrors modernity, it gave colors and shapes to the scenes of modernity, of real that was around, instead of the biblical and mystical events of history gone by.